Fourth Universal Definition of Myocardial Infarction (2018)

The Executive Group on behalf of the Joint European Society of Cardiology (ESC)/American College of Cardiology (ACC)/American Heart Association (AHA)/World Heart Federation (WHF) Task Force for the Universal Definition of Myocardial Infarction

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

465 Scopus citations
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e618-e651
Issue number20
StatePublished - Nov 13 2018


  • AHA Scientific Statements
  • Takotsubo syndrome
  • Type 1 MI
  • Type 2 MI
  • Type 3 MI
  • Type 4a MI
  • Type 4b MI
  • Type 4c MI
  • Type 5 MI
  • cardiac procedural myocardial injury
  • cardiac troponin
  • high sensitivity cardiac troponin
  • myocardial infarction
  • myocardial infarction with nonobstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA)
  • myocardial injury
  • prior myocardial infarction
  • recurrent myocardial infarction
  • reinfarction
  • silent myocardial infarction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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