Fourth Universal Definition of Myocardial Infarction (2018)

The Executive Group on behalf of the Joint European Society of Cardiology (ESC)/American College of Cardiology (ACC)/American Heart Association (AHA)/World Heart Federation (WHF) Task Force for the Universal Definition of Myocardial Infarction

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

678 Scopus citations
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2231-2264
Number of pages34
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Issue number18
StatePublished - Oct 30 2018


  • Expert Consensus Document
  • Takotsubo syndrome
  • cardiac procedural myocardial injury
  • cardiac troponin
  • high sensitivity cardiac troponin
  • myocardial infarction
  • myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA)
  • myocardial injury
  • prior myocardial infarction
  • re-infarction
  • recurrent myocardial infarction
  • silent myocardial infarction
  • type 1 MI
  • type 2 MI
  • type 3 MI
  • type 4a MI
  • type 4b MI
  • type 4c MI
  • type 5 MI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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