Fluorescein-Assisted Microsurgical Resection of Vestibular Schwannoma: A Prospective Feasibility Study

Stephen A. Chan, Robert J. Macielak, Amy M. Tuchscherer, Brian A. Neff, Colin L.W. Driscoll, Maria Peris-Celda, Jamie J. Van Gompel, Michael Link, Matthew L. Carlson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective To evaluate the optimal dose and timing of administration of sodium fluorescein (SF) for selective fluorescence of sporadic vestibular schwannoma (VS) during microsurgery with the YELLOW 560-nm microscope filter (YE560) and to characterize the potential benefit of this fluorescence as determined by intraoperative surgeon assessment. Study Design Prospective cohort study. Setting Tertiary referral center. Patients Adult patients undergoing VS microsurgery. Interventions Intraoperative intravenous administration of SF and visualization with the YE560. Main Outcome Measures Time to differential fluorescence, duration of fluorescence, correlation of fluorescence of VS with electrostimulation and white light microscopy visual assessment, and likelihood of surgeons to use SF with the YE560 in future cases. Results Novel use of SF and YE560 during microsurgery achieved selective fluorescence of VS with capabilities to differentiate nerve fascicles and tumor approximately 30 minutes after administration. Nuances of SF administration and timing are discussed. Seventy-five percent of surgeons observed an excellent correlation of selective fluorescence with white light microscopy. Representative images and cases are presented. Conclusions SF and YE560 may be used in VS microsurgery to visually differentiate VS from surrounding nerves. Potential benefits include enhanced visualization of the tumor-nerve interface for tumor dissection and detection of any residual disease, such as in the fundus after hearing preservation microsurgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1240-1244
Number of pages5
JournalOtology and Neurotology
Issue number10
StatePublished - Dec 1 2022


  • Acoustic neuroma
  • Fluorescein
  • Fluorescence
  • Retrosigmoid
  • Translabyrinthine
  • Vestibular schwannoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Clinical Neurology


Dive into the research topics of 'Fluorescein-Assisted Microsurgical Resection of Vestibular Schwannoma: A Prospective Feasibility Study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this