Flt3 Signaling in B Lymphocyte Development and Humoral Immunity

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The Class III receptor tyrosine kinase Flt3 and its ligand, the Flt3-ligand (FL), play an integral role in regulating the proliferation, differentiation, and survival of multipotent hematopoietic and lymphoid progenitors from which B cell precursors derive in bone marrow (BM). More recently, essential roles for Flt3 signaling in the regulation of peripheral B cell development and affinity maturation have come to light. Experimental findings derived from a multitude of mouse models have reinforced the importance of molecular and cellular regulation of Flt3 and FL in lymphohematopoiesis and adaptive immunity. Here, we provide a comprehensive review of the current state of the knowledge regarding molecular and cellular regulation of Flt3/FL and the roles of Flt3 signaling in hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) activation, lymphoid development, BM B lymphopoiesis, and peripheral B cell development. Cumulatively, the literature has reinforced the importance of Flt3 signaling in B cell development and function. However, it has also identified gaps in the knowledge regarding Flt3-dependent developmental-stage specific gene regulatory circuits essential for steady-state B lymphopoiesis that will be the focus of future studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7289
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Issue number13
StatePublished - Jul 1 2022


  • B cells
  • Fetal liver tyrosine kinase (Flt3)
  • Flt3-ligand (FL)
  • cellular differentiation
  • hematopoiesis
  • lymphopoiesis
  • proliferation
  • signaling
  • survival
  • transcriptional regulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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