Objectives. This study was designed to test the efficacy and safety of a fibrin-film-covered stent compared with that of a bare metal stent in the porcine coronary injury model. Background. Biodegradable stents are a potential method of achieving total lesion coverage and delivering local, lesion-specific drug therapy. Methods. Two coronary arteries in each pig were randomly assigned to deployment of either a fibrin-film or a bare tantalum wire-coil stent. An oversized balloon injury, 1.15 to 1.30 times the reference vessel diameter, was induced in each coronary segment before stenting to simulate angioplasty injury. Thirty pigs were studied: group 1 for 28 days (15 pigs); group 2 for 90 days (5 pigs); group 3 for 6 months (5 pigs); group 4 for 1 year (5 pigs). Results. Two pigs died of occlusion of the bare stent and one of occlusion of the fibrin stent (p > 0.99). There were no significant differences between the fibrin-stented and bare-stented coronary segments with regard to arterial injury. In group 1 (28 days, 14 pigs), the mean neointimal thicknesses in the fibrin-stented and bare- stented groups were 0.57 ± 0.31 and 0.57 ± 0.27 mm, respectively (p = 0.89). In groups 2 to 4 (90 days, four pigs; 6 months, four pigs; 1 year, five pigs), the mean neointimal thicknesses for fibrin- and bare-stented coronary segments at the times studied were 0.48 ± 0.26 versus 0.50 ± 0.22 mm at 90 days; 0.35 ± 0.04 versus 0.35 ± 0.16 mm at 6 months; and 0.33 ± 0.14 versus 0.30 ± 0.14 mm at 1 year (p = 0.98). Conclusions. Fibrin-film stents appear to be an excellent candidate for local drug delivery because they can completely and safely cover the stented coronary segment while degrading slowly over 1 to 3 months. This result is important when compared with the poor results of previous studies of synthetic polymer stents.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine