Factors underlying scalp-EEG interictal epileptiform discharges in intractable frontal lobe epilepsy

Lata Vadlamudi, Elson L. So, Gregory A. Worrell, Russell K. Mosewich, Gregory D. Cascino, Fredric B. Meyer, Timothy G. Lesnick

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Aims: Scalp-EEG interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs) may be less predictive of the outcome of frontal lobe epilepsy surgery than of temporal lobe epilepsy surgery. We identified factors associated with the location of scalp-EEG IEDs in intractable frontal lobe epilepsy. Methods: Ten factors were assessed in a retrospective review of 53 patients with either concordant (frontal lobe seizure focus) or discordant (generalized or outside frontal seizure focus) IED or both, who had excellent surgical outcomes. The Fisher exact test and the Wilcoxon rank sum test determined statistically significant associations. Results: Thirty-six patients (68%) had concordant IED, 24 (45%) discordant IED, and 17 (32%) both. Younger age at onset was significantly associated with discordant IED (mean, 7.5 years versus 17 years for patients without discordant IED; P < 0.01), whereas duration of epilepsy was not. Seizure foci at the frontal convexity were associated with concordant IED. About 72% of patients with a convexity seizure focus had concordant IED, compared with only 33% of patients with mesial frontal foci having concordant IED (P = 0.06). Conclusions: Early seizure onset in intractable frontal lobe epilepsy is associated with IEDs discordant with seizure focus. Frontal convexity seizure foci are more likely than mesial frontal seizure foci to be associated with concordant discharges.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-95
Number of pages7
JournalEpileptic Disorders
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2004


  • Frontal lobe epilepsy
  • Interictal epileptiform discharges
  • Intractable epilepsy
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


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