Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for the treatment of neonatal respiratory failure

William A. Carey, Christopher E. Colby

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


This review discusses the use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for the treatment of respiratory failure in neonates. After briefly reviewing the early history of neonatal ECMO, the authors describe the respiratory diagnoses most often treated with ECMO and the manner in which affected neonates are deemed to have "failed" conventional therapies and thus require ECMO. After reviewing the most common indications for ECMO, factors that influence the timing of conversion to extracorporeal life support, as well as criteria that may exclude patients from receiving ECMO therapy, are described. At the conclusion of this article, the authors discuss the long-term outcomes of neonates whose respiratory disease was treated with ECMO and the costs associated with that care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)192-197
Number of pages6
JournalSeminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2009


  • Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)
  • Indications
  • Neonate
  • Outcomes
  • Respiratory failure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine


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