Summary: Vascularized omentum lymphatic transplant is frequently used for the treatment of lymphedema due to demonstrated efficacy, a reduced complication profile, and, in particular, negligible risk of donor site lymphedema. Historically harvested by open laparotomy, more recent techniques involve laparoscopic omental harvest. Although effective and reproducible, laparoscopy may be limited by reduced visualization, minimal tactile feedback, multiple port sites, and imprecise instrumentation. Therefore, we employed the da Vinci Single-Port (SP) surgical robot system for vascularized omentum lymphatic transplant. A 52-year-old man with a 3-year history of progressive left lower extremity swelling and lymphoscintigraphy and magnetic resonance lymphangiogram consistent with lymphedema of unknown etiology underwent vascularized omentum lymphatic transplant to the left groin. A 2.5-cm infraumbilical incision was used for placement of the primary trocar, through which the camera and operating instruments were passed. Following robotic harvest, the omental lymph node flap was transferred to the left groin for microsurgical anastomosis. The procedure was uneventful, and the patient was discharged on postoperative day 1. At 6 weeks, there were no complications. Here, we show for the first time the safety and feasibility of robotic omental lymph node flap harvest for extremity lymphedema using the da Vinci Single-Port robotic system. The benefits of this technology include a minimally-invasive approach that allows for flap dissection and removal through a single 2.5-cm incision. Further investigation is necessary to characterize the indications and limitations of this technique in plastic surgery.
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