Excitation of Complicated Shapes in Three Dimensions

Igor Serša, Slobodan Macura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


We experimentally verified a recently proposed technique for the excitation of a complicated three-dimensional profile (CARVE, completely arbitrary regional volume excitation). CARVE is based on a generalized DANTE RF pulse sequence and a synchronous string of gradient steps. Provided there is no limitation in the number of pulses, CARVE can generate an excitation profile of any shape with any resolution. However, hardware limitations and sample properties restrict the number of RF pulses and gradient steps and, thus, limit attainable resolution of the excitation profile. We theoretically and experimentally showed that spatial resolution can be increased by distributing a long sequence among several CARVE experiments and summing up their signals. This is particularly important for three-dimensional excitation profiles where an n-fold increase in resolution requires an n3-fold increase of the number of events in the sequence. The potential use of three-dimensional CARVE might be in spectroscopic imaging where the excitation profile can be tailored to match the shape of a selected organ or body part.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)466-477
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Magnetic Resonance
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 1998


  • K-space trajectory
  • Spectroscopic imaging
  • Volume selective excitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics


Dive into the research topics of 'Excitation of Complicated Shapes in Three Dimensions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this