Diagnostic sensitivity of various echocardiographic modalities was assessed for postinfarct ventricular septal defect (40 patients) and papillary muscle rupture (22 patients). Two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography enabled direct visualization of ventricular septal defect in 68% and combined two-dimensional Doppler echocardiography was diagnostic in 95%. Papillary muscle rupture was directly visualized in 45%, and severe mitral regurgitation was present on Doppler color flow images in 100%. Transesophageal echocardiography was diagnostic in all nine patients (five with ventricular septal defect and four with papillary muscle rupture) in whom this modality was applied. Thus two-dimensional Doppler echocardiography (transthoracic and transesophageal if necessary) is highly sensitive in detecting postinfarct ventricular septal defect and papillary muscle rupture.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine