Estimating glomerular filtration rate from serum myo-inositol, valine, creatinine and cystatin C

Frank Stämmler, Marcello Grassi, Jeffrey W. Meeusen, John C. Lieske, Surendra Dasari, Laurence Dubourg, Sandrine Lemoine, Jochen Ehrich, Eric Schiffer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Assessment of renal function relies on the estimation of the glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Existing eGFR equations, usually based on serum levels of creatinine and/or cystatin C, are not uniformly accurate across patient populations. In the present study, we expanded a recent proof-of-concept approach to optimize an eGFR equation targeting the adult population with and without chronic kidney disease (CKD), based on a nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) derived ‘metabolite constellation’ (GFRNMR). A total of 1855 serum samples were partitioned into development, internal validation and external validation datasets. The new GFRNMR equation used serum myo-inositol, valine, creatinine and cystatin C plus age and sex. GFRNMR had a lower bias to tracer measured GFR (mGFR) than existing eGFR equations, with a median bias (95% confidence interval [CI]) of 0.0 (−1.0; 1.0) mL/min/1.73 m2 for GFRNMR vs. −6.0 (−7.0; −5.0) mL/min/1.73 m2 for the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration equation that combines creatinine and cystatin C (CKD-EPI2012) (p < 0.0001). Accuracy (95% CI) within 15% of mGFR (1-P15) was 38.8% (34.3; 42.5) for GFRNMR vs. 47.3% (43.2; 51.5) for CKD-EPI2012 (p < 0.010). Thus, GFRNMR holds promise as an alternative way to assess eGFR with superior accuracy in adult patients with and without CKD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2291
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2021


  • CKD
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Cystatin C
  • EGFR
  • EGFR equation
  • Filtration markers
  • Glomerular filtration rate
  • Metabolite
  • NMR
  • Serum creatinine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry


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