Establishing percent resection and residual volume thresholds affecting survival and recurrence for patients with newly diagnosed intracranial glioblastoma

Kaisorn L. Chaichana, Ignacio Jusue-Torres, Rodrigo Navarro-Ramirez, Shaan M. Raza, Maria Pascual-Gallego, Aly Ibrahim, Marta Hernandez-Hermann, Luis Gomez, Xiaobu Ye, Jon D. Weingart, Alessandro Olivi, Jaishri Blakeley, Gary L. Gallia, Michael Lim, Henry Brem, Alfredo Quinones-Hinojosa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

262 Scopus citations


IntroductionSurgery is first-line therapy for glioblastoma, and there is evidence that gross total resection is associated with improved survival. Gross total resection, however, is not always possible, and relationships among extent (percent) of resection (EOR), residual volume (RV), and survival are unknown. The goals were to evaluate whether there is an association between EOR and RV with survival and recurrence and to establish minimum EOR and maximum RV thresholds.MethodsAdult patients who underwent primary glioblastoma surgery from 2007 to 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. Three-dimensional volumetric tumor measurements were made. Multivariate proportional hazards regression analysis was used to evaluate the relationship between EOR and RV with survival and recurrence.ResultsOf 259 patients, 203 (78%) died and 156 (60%) had tumor recurrence. The median survival and progression-free survival were 13.4 and 8.9 months, respectively. The median (interquartile range) pre- and postoperative tumor volumes were 32.2 (14.0-56.3) and 2.1 (0.0-7.9) cm3, respectively. EOR was independently associated with survival (hazard ratio [HR], 0.995; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.990-0.998; P =. 008) and recurrence (HR [95% CI], 0.992 [0.983-0.998], P =. 005). The minimum EOR threshold for survival (P =. 0006) and recurrence (P =. 005) was 70%. RV was also associated with survival (HR [95% CI], 1.019 [1.006-1.030], P =. 004) and recurrence (HR [95% CI], 1.024 [1.001-1.044], P =. 03). The maximum RV threshold for survival (P =. 01) and recurrence (P =. 01) was 5 cm3.ConclusionThis study shows for the first time that both EOR and RV are significantly associated with survival and recurrence, where the thresholds are 70% and 5 cm3, respectively. These findings may help guide surgical and adjuvant therapies aimed at optimizing outcomes for glioblastoma patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)113-122
Number of pages10
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2014


  • GBM
  • extent of resection
  • glioblastoma
  • residual
  • surgery
  • survival
  • volumetric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cancer Research


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