Energy expenditure in children: The role of NEAT (non-exercise activity thermogenesis)

Lorraine Lanningham-Foster, James A. Levine

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


By the law of conservation of energy, body fat increases when energy intake is consistently greater than energy expenditure. Excess body fat and obesity are the result of sustained positive energy balance. The pandemic of obesity has spread from the United States to Europe and is now emerging in middle- and even low-income countries. In the United States, for example, since the 1970s the weight of the average person has increased by ~12 kg; importantly this trend affects all ages, races, and socio-economic groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationContemporary Endocrinology
PublisherHumana Press Inc.
Number of pages15
StatePublished - 2018

Publication series

NameContemporary Endocrinology
ISSN (Print)2523-3785
ISSN (Electronic)2523-3793


  • Energy expenditure
  • Exercise
  • Metabolic rate
  • Neighborhood
  • Physical activity
  • School

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology


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