Endoscopic tri-modal imaging is more effective than standard endoscopy in identifying early-stage neoplasia in Barrett's esophagus

Wouter L. Curvers, Lorenza Alvarez Herrero, Michael B. Wallace, Louis Michel Wong Kee Song, Krish Ragunath, Herbert C. Wolfsen, Ganapathy A. Prasad, Kenneth K. Wang, Venkataraman Subramanian, Bas L.A.M. Weusten, Fiebo J. Ten Kate, Jacques J.G.H.M. Bergman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

127 Scopus citations


Background & Aims Endoscopic tri-modal imaging (ETMI) incorporates high-resolution endoscopy (HRE), autofluorescence imaging (AFI), and narrow band imaging (NBI). A recent uncontrolled study found that ETMI improved the detection of high-grade dysplasia (HGD) and early carcinoma (Ca) in Barrett's esophagus (BE). The aim was to compare ETMI with standard video endoscopy (SVE) for the detection of HGD/Ca with the use of a randomized cross-over design. Methods Patients referred for work-up of inconspicuous HGD/Ca were eligible and underwent both SVE and ETMI in randomized order within an interval of 612 weeks. During ETMI, inspection with HRE was followed by AFI. Detected lesions were inspected in detail with NBI and biopsied, followed by random biopsies. During SVE, any visible lesion was biopsied followed by random biopsies. Results Eighty-seven patients with BE underwent ETMI and SVE. No significant difference was observed in overall histologic yield between ETMI and SVE. ETMI had a significantly higher targeted yield compared with SVE because of AFI. However, the yield of targeted biopsies of ETMI was significantly inferior to the overall yield of SVE. Detailed inspection with NBI reduced the false-positive rate of HRE + AFI from 71% to 48% but misclassified 17% of HGD/Ca lesions as not suspicious. Conclusions ETMI statistically significant improves the targeted detection of HGD/Ca compared with SVE. Subsequent characterization of lesions with NBI appears to be of limited value. At this stage, ETMI cannot replace random biopsies for detection of lesions or targeted biopsies for characterization of lesions in a high-risk population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1106-1114.e1
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2010


  • Autofluorescence Imaging
  • Endoscopy
  • Esophageal Adenocarcinoma
  • Narrow Band Imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology


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