Emerging frontiers in immuno- and gene therapy for cancer

Michael P. Gustafson, John A. Ligon, Alexey Bersenev, Chase D. McCann, Nirali N. Shah, Patrick J. Hanley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background aims: The field of cell and gene therapy in oncology has moved rapidly since 2017 when the first cell and gene therapies, Kymriah followed by Yescarta, were approved by the Food and Drug Administration in the United States, followed by multiple other countries. Since those approvals, several new products have gone on to receive approval for additional indications. Meanwhile, efforts have been made to target different cancers, improve the logistics of delivery and reduce the cost associated with novel cell and gene therapies. Here, we highlight various cell and gene therapy-related technologies and advances that provide insight into how these new technologies will speed the translation of these therapies into the clinic. Conclusions: In this review, we provide a broad overview of the current state of cell and gene therapy-based approaches for cancer treatment – discussing various effector cell types and their sources, recent advances in both CAR and non-CAR genetic modifications, and highlighting a few promising approaches for increasing in vivo efficacy and persistence of therapeutic drug products.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20-32
Number of pages13
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2023


  • CAR T cell
  • NK cells
  • cancer
  • immunotherapy
  • point-of-care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Oncology
  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Cell Biology
  • Transplantation
  • Cancer Research


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