Elevated levels of C-reactive protein are associated with impaired coronary collateral development

S. Gulec, A. O. Ozdemir, H. Maradit-Kremers, I. Dincer, Y. Atmaca, C. Erol

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations


Background: In vitro studies have shown that C-reactive protein (CRP) attenuates nitric oxide production and inhibits angiogenesis, which may result in impaired collateral development. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between high sensitivity CRP (hsCRP) levels and the extent of coronary collaterals. Materials and methods: We investigated the association between hsCRP levels and the extent of coronary collaterals according to the Rentrop classification in a cohort of 185 patients who had high-grade coronary stenosis or occlusion on their angiograms. Results: Mean age was 62 years and 80% were males. Subjects with a higher grade of collaterals were significantly less likely to have diabetes mellitus (OR; 0.48, 95% and CI; 0.28, 0.83) or acute coronary syndrome (OR; 0.58, 95% and CI; 0.33, 0.99), but they were more likely to have higher number of vessels with significant stenosis (OR; 1.41, 95% and CI; 1.03, 1.93) and to have received statins (OR; 1.84, 1.09, 3.13). The mean hsCRP values reduced significantly as the Rentrop grades increased (trend, P = 0.0006). After adjusting for age, gender, statin use, clinical presentation with acute coronary syndrome, diabetes mellitus and the number of vessels with significant stenosis, each 10-unit increase in hsCRP values corresponded to a 31% reduced odds of having a higher collateral score (OR; 0.69, 95% and CI; 0.53, 0.90). Conclusions: Our findings indicate that elevated hsCRP levels are associated with a significant impairment in coronary collateralization. These data suggest a previously unrecognized mechanism through which inflammation may worsen cardiovascular outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)369-375
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Investigation
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2006


  • C-reactive protein
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Coronary collaterals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry


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