Effects of NFκB decoy oligonucleotides released from biodegradable polymer microparticles on a glioblastoma cell line

Jagjit S. Gill, Xun Zhu, Michael J. Moore, Lichun Lu, Michael J. Yaszemski, Anthony J. Windebank

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations


The objectives of this study were to investigate a nuclear factor-kappa B (NFκB) decoy oligonucleotide (ODN) strategy on the inhibition of glioblastoma (GBM) cell line growth and to evaluate a poly(DL-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) microparticle delivery system for the NFκB decoy ODNs in vitro. We have demonstrated that NFκB activation is important in regulating GBM cell line growth. Aberrant nuclear expression of NFκB was found in a panel of GBM cell lines, while untransformed glial cells did not display NFκB activity. Nuclear translocation of NFκB was inhibited by using a "decoy" ODN strategy. NFκB decoy ODNs designed to inhibit NFκB resulted in a significant reduction in cell number (up to 45%) compared to control cultures after 2 days. The reduction in cell number correlated with a decrease in cyclin D1 protein expression and a commensurate decrease in Cdk-4 activity. These results provide evidence suggesting that NFκB mediates cell cycle progression and demonstrates a mechanism linking increased NFκB activity with GBM cell growth and cell cycle disregulation. Decoy ODNs were encapsulated at a yield of 66% in PLGA microparticles and released in a controlled manner in phosphate buffered saline for up to 28 days. Approximately 83% of entrapped ODNs were released by day 28. During 3 days of GBM cell line culture, the released decoy ODNs retained their biologic activity and led to significantly reduced cell number as compared to control cultures. These findings offer a potential therapeutic strategy in the control of human GBM cell line growth in vitro and suggest that PLGA microparticles may be appropriate as delivery vehicles for the "decoy" ODN strategy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2773-2781
Number of pages9
Issue number13
StatePublished - 2002


  • Biodegradable microparticles
  • Cell growth
  • Controlled release
  • Glioblastoma (GBM)
  • Nuclear factor-kappa B (NFκB)
  • Phosphorothioated decoy oligonucleotides (ODNS)
  • Poly(DL-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Bioengineering
  • Biophysics
  • Biomaterials


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