Lipids are important substrates for oxidation at rest and during exercise. Aerobic exercise mediates a delayed onset decrease in total and VLDL-triglyceride (TG) plasma concentration. However, the acute effects of exercise on VLDL-TG oxidation and turnover remain unclear. Here, we studied the acute effects of 90 min of moderate-intensity exercise in healthy women and men. VLDL-TG kinetics were assessed using a primed constant infusion of ex vivo labeled [1-14C]triolein VLDL-TG. Fractional VLDL-TG-derived fatty acid oxidation was measured from 14CO2 specific activity in expired air. VLDL-TG concentration was unaltered during exercise and early recovery, whereas non-VLDL-TG concentration decreased significantly.VLDL-TG secretion rate decreased significantly during exercise and remained suppressed during recovery. Total VLDL-TG oxidation rate was unaffected by exercise. However, the contribution of VLDL-TG oxidation to total energy expenditure fell from 14 ± 9% at rest to 3 ± 4% during exercise. We conclude that VLDL-TG fatty acids are quantitatively important oxidative substrates under basal postabsorptive conditions but remain unaffected during 90-min moderate-intensity exercise and, thus, become relatively less important during exercise. Lower VLDL secretion rate during exercise may contribute to the decrease in TG concentrations during and after exercise.
|American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
|Published - May 2011
- Tracer studies
- Very low density lipoprotein
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Physiology (medical)