Effect of Hypoxia Preconditioning on the Regenerative Capacity of Adipose Tissue Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells in a Model of Renal Artery Stenosis

Naba Farooqui, Arjunmohan Mohan, Busra Isik, Busra B. Goksu, Roman Thaler, Xiang Yang Zhu, James D. Krier, Ishran M. Saadiq, Christopher M. Ferguson, Kyra L. Jordan, Hui Tang, Stephen C. Textor, La Tonya J. Hickson, Andre J. van Wijnen, Alfonso Eirin, Lilach O. Lerman, Sandra M. Herrmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (ARAS) is associated with irreversible parenchymal renal disease and regenerative stem cell therapies may improve renal outcomes. Hypoxia preconditioning (HPC) may improve the regenerative functions of adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AMSC) by affecting DNA 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) marks in angiogenic genes. Here, we investigated using a porcine ARAS model, whether growth of ARAS AMSCs in hypoxia (Hx) versus normoxia (Nx) would enhance renal tissue repair, and comprehensively analyze how HPC modifies DNA hydroxymethylation compared to untreated ARAS and healthy/normal pigs (n=5 each). ARAS pigs exhibited elevated serum cholesterol, serum creatinine and renal artery stenosis, with a concomitant decrease in renal blood flow (RBF) and increased blood pressure (BP) compared to healthy pigs. Renal artery injection of either autologous Nx or Hx AMSCs improved diastolic BP, reduced kidney tissue fibrosis, and inflammation (CD3+ T-cells) in ARAS pigs. In addition, renal medullary hypoxia significantly lowered with Nx but not Hx AMSC treatment. Mechanistically, levels of epigenetic 5hmC marks (which reflect gene activation) estimated using DNA immunoprecipitation technique were elevated in profibrotic and inflammatory genes in ARAS compared with normal AMSCs. HPC significantly reduced 5hmC levels in cholesterol biosynthesis and oxidative stress response pathways in ARAS AMSCs. Thus, autologous AMSCs improve key renovascular parameters and inflammation in ARAS pigs, with HPC mitigating pathological molecular effects on inflammatory and profibrotic genes which may play a role in augmenting regenerative capacity of AMSCs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)50-63
Number of pages14
JournalStem cells (Dayton, Ohio)
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 30 2023


  • adipose mesenchymal stem cells
  • atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis
  • epigenetics
  • hypoxia preconditioning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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