EEG scalp electrode projection onto three-dimensional surface rendered images of the brain

Clifford R. Jack, W. Richard Marsh, Kathryn A. Hirschorn, Frank W. Sharbrough, Gregory D. Cascino, Ronald A. Karwoski, Richard A. Robb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


A technique is described for generating magnetic resonance-based, surface rendered images of the brain with electroencephalographic (EEG) scalp electrode positions projected onto the cortical surface. This technique (EEG electrode projection) was used in 10 patients who subsequently underwent surgery for medically intractable frontal lobe epilepsy. In most cases of intractable epilepsy, successful surgery entails the resection of electrophysiologically abnormal cortical tissue rather than an identifiable mass lesion. EEG electrode projection is a unique and useful surgical tool because it provides images that spatially correlate the surface anatomy of the brain and the electrophysiologic abnormality recorded at the scalp. Excellent correlation was found between cortical topography delineated by the surface rendered images and cortical anatomy at surgery. Agreement between EEG electrode projection and electrocorticography as to the location of the electrophysiologic abnormality increases confidence that appropriate cortical areas have been identified for resection. The technique provides new and unique insight into important anatomic-electrophysiologic relationships and aids in formulation of surgical strategy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)413-418
Number of pages6
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 1990


  • Brain, MR studies, 131.1214
  • Brain, surgery, 131.14
  • Epilepsy
  • Magnetic resonance (MR), image display
  • Magnetic resonance (MR), image processing
  • Magnetic resonance (MR), treatment planning
  • Seizures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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