Background: The benign and malignant patterns of acral melanocytic naevi (AMN) and acral melanomas (AM) have been defined in a series of retrospective studies. A three-step algorithm was developed to determine when to biopsy acral melanocytic lesions. This algorithm has only been applied to a Japanese population. Objectives: Our study aimed to review the current management strategy of acral melanocytic lesions and to investigate the utility of the three-step algorithm in a predominately Caucasian cohort. Methods: A retrospective search of the pathology and image databases at Mayo Clinic was performed between the years 2006 and 2016. Only cases located on a volar surface with dermoscopic images were included. Two dermatologists reviewed all dermoscopic images and assigned a global dermoscopic pattern. Clinical and follow-up data were gathered by chart review. All lesions with known diameter and pathological diagnosis were used for the three-step algorithm. Results: Regular fibrillar and ridge patterns were more likely to be biopsied (P = 0.01). The majority of AMN (58.1%) and AM (60%) biopsied were due to physician-deemed concerning dermoscopic patterns. 39.2% of these cases were parallel furrow, lattice-like or regular fibrillar. When patients were asked to follow-up within a 3- to 6-month period, only 16.7% of the patients returned within that interval. The three-step algorithm would have correctly identified four of five AM for biopsy, missing a 6 mm, multicomponent, invasive melanoma. Conclusion: We found one major educational gap in the recognition of low-risk lesions with high rates of biopsy of the fibrillary pattern. Recognizing low-risk dermoscopic patterns could reduce the rate of biopsy of AMN by 23.3%. We identified two major practice gaps, poor patient compliance with follow-up and the potential insensitivity of the three-step algorithm to small multicomponent acral melanocytic lesions.
|Number of pages
|Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology
|Published - Sep 2018
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases