Background: Early neurological deterioration (END) is a potential predictor for 90-day outcomes following mechanical thrombectomy for acute ischemic stroke (AIS). We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to better understand whether END can be used as a surrogate for long-term outcomes. Methods: Following the PRISMA guidelines, a systematic literature review of the English language literature was conducted using PubMed, MEDLINE, and Embase. END definition was cataloged for each included study. Outcomes of interest included 90-day modified Rankin Scale (mRS) 0–2, symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH), mortality, and thrombolysis in cerebral infarction (TICI) 2b-3. We calculated pooled odds ratios (ORs) and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI) for all definitions of END. Results: We included seven studies with 2992 patients in our analysis. There was a significant, inverse association with END and mRS 0–2 rates (OR = 0.15; 95% CI = 0.08–0.29; P-value< 0.001). Moreover, END was a significant predictor of increased odds for reported sICH rates (OR = 16.37; 95% CI = 7.66–34.99; P-value< 0.001). Furthermore, there was a significant association between END and increase in mortality rates (OR = 6.79; 95% CI = 2.62–17.62; P-value< 0.001). There was no significant association between END and rates of TICI 2b-3 (OR = 0.53; 95% CI = 0.27–1.05; p = 0.069). Conclusions: Broadly defined, END holds value as a potential predictor of rates of mRS 0–2 at 90 days and is associated with higher rates of mortality and sICH, but had no correlation with TICI 2b-3.
- early neurological deterioration
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine