Early Detection of Post-Surgical Complications using Time-series Electronic Health Records

David Chen, Jun Jiang, Sunyang Fu, Gabriel Demuth, Sijia Liu, Gavin M. Schaeferle, Patrick M. Wilson, Elizabeth Habermann, David W. Larson, Curtis Storlie, Hongfang Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Models predicting health complications are increasingly attempting to reflect the temporally changing nature of patient status. However, both the practice of medicine and electronic health records (EHR) have yet to provide a true longitudinal representation of a patient's medical history as relevant data is often asynchronous and highly missing. To match the stringent requirements of many static time models, time-series data has to be truncated, and missing values in samples have to be filled heuristically. However, these data preprocessing procedures may unconsciously misinterpret real-world data, and eventually lead into failure in practice. In this work, we proposed an augmented gated recurrent unit (GRU), which formulate both missingness and timeline signals into GRU cells. Real patient data of post-operative bleeding (POB) after Colon and Rectal Surgery (CRS) was collected from Mayo Clinic EHR system to evaluate the effectiveness of proposed model. Conventional models were also trained with imputed dataset, in which event missingness or asynchronicity were approximated. The performance of proposed model surpassed current state-of-the-art methods in this POB detection task, indicating our model could be more eligible to handle EHR datasets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)152-160
Number of pages9
JournalAMIA ... Annual Symposium proceedings. AMIA Symposium
StatePublished - 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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