Dynamic iodide trapping by tumor cells expressing the thyroidal sodium iodide symporter

David Dingli, Elizabeth R. Bergert, Željko Bajzer, Michael K. O'Connor, Stephen J. Russell, John C. Morris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


The thyroidal sodium iodide symporter (NIS) in combination with various radioactive isotopes has shown promise as a therapeutic gene in various tumor models. Therapy depends on adequate retention of the isotope in the tumor. We hypothesized that in the absence of iodide organification, isotope trapping is a dynamic process either due to slow efflux or re-uptake of the isotope by cells expressing NIS. Iodide efflux is slower in ARH-77 and K-562 cells expressing NIS compared to a thyroid cell line. Isotope retention half times varied linearly with the number of cells expressing NIS. With sufficient NIS expression, iodide efflux is a zero-order process. Efflux kinetics in the presence or absence of perchlorate also supports the hypothesis that iodide re-uptake occurs and contributes to the retention of the isotope in tumor cells. Iodide organification was insignificant. In vivo studies in tumors composed of mixed cell populations confirmed these observations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)157-166
Number of pages10
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 3 2004


  • Gene theraphy
  • Isotopes
  • Mechanisms
  • Sodium iodide symporter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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