Inducible gene expression, which requires chromatin remodeling on gene promoters, underlies the epigenetically inherited differentiation program of most immune cells. However, chromatin-mediated mechanisms that underlie these events in T regulatory cells remain to be fully characterized. Here, we report that inducibility of FOXP3, a key transcription factor for the development of T regulatory cells, depends upon Kruppel-like factor 10 (KLF10) interacting with two antagonistic histone-modifying systems. We utilized chromatin immunoprecipitation, genome-integrated reporter assays, and functional domain KLF10 mutant proteins, to characterize reciprocal interactions between this transcription factor and either the Sin3-histone deacetylase complex or the histone acetyl-transferase, p300/CBP-associated factor (PCAF). We characterize a Sin3-interacting repressor domain on the NH2 terminus of KLF10, which works to limit the activating function of this transcription factor. Indeed, inactivation of this Sin3-interacting domain renders KLF10 able to physically associate with PCAF as to induce FOXP3 gene transcription. We show that this biochemical data derived from studying our genome-integrated reporter cell system are recapitulated in primary murine lymphocytes. Collectively, these results advance our understanding of how a single transcription factor, namely KLF10, functions as a toggle to integrate antagonistic signals regulating FOXP3 and, thus, immune activation.
|American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
|Published - Sep 15 2014
- T regulatory cell
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)