Developments toward a complete micro-total analysis system for Duchenne muscular dystrophy diagnosis

Jerome P. Ferrance, Qirong Wu, Braden Giordano, Casandra Hernandez, Yien Kwok, Karen Snow, Steve Thibodeau, James P. Landers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

69 Scopus citations


The diagnosis of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) has historically utilized either PCR or requires Southern blot analysis, a southern blot analysis, however, is not amenable to incorporation in a microdevice format. A PCR amplification-based method has been developed, and we have previously coupled this amplification with microchip separation of the PCR fragments for DMD diagnosis. Diagnoses of affected patients were performed by comparing exon concentrations to those of control samples amplified at the same time. To accurately identify mutations in patient samples, this work established normal ranges for the concentration of each amplified exon fragment using control samples amplified over successive days. Our studies show that the number of cycles used in the amplification process affects this range. Affected patient samples were analyzed using these normal ranges and the mutations detected by Southern blot analysis were also diagnosed using the microchip separation method. Employing the microchip separation method decreases the time required for the analysis, but the time required for DNA purification and PCR amplification must also be decreased for faster total analysis of patient samples. Development of microchip methods for these processing steps is one approach for reducing the individual times, while also providing the possibility of integrating these steps in a single device. Here we report on the microchip extraction of genomic DNA from whole blood using a novel sol-gel matrix that is easily formed in microdevices. IR-mediated PCR amplification of a β-globin fragment from genomic DNA followed by electrophoretic analysis on a single integrated microdevice is presented for the first time. Work towards the development of a micro-total analysis device for DMD diagnosis, through integration of all processing steps on a single device, is also discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)223-236
Number of pages14
JournalAnalytica Chimica Acta
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Dec 19 2003


  • Duchenne muscular dystrophy
  • Integrated microdevices
  • Micro-total analysis system
  • Microchip electrophoresis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy


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