Development and validation of clinical performance assessment in simulated medical emergencies: An observational study

Aysen Erdogan, Yue Dong, Xiaomei Chen, Christopher Schmickl, Ronaldo A. Sevilla Berrios, Lisbeth Y. Garcia Arguello, Rahul Kashyap, Oguz Kilickaya, Brian Pickering, Ognjen Gajic, John C. O'Horo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Background: Critical illness is a time-sensitive process which requires practitioners to process vast quantities of data and make decisions rapidly. We have developed a tool, the Checklist for Early Recognition and Treatment of Acute Illness (CERTAIN), aimed at enhancing care delivery in such situations. To determine the efficacy of CERTAIN and similar cognitive aids, we developed rubric for evaluating provider performance in a simulated medical resuscitation environments. Methods: We recruited 18 clinicians with current valid ACLS certification for evaluation in three simulated medical scenarios designed to mimic typical medical decompensation events routinely experienced in clinical care. Subjects were stratified as experienced or novice based on prior critical care training. A checklist of critical actions was designed using face validity for each scenario to evaluate task completion and performance. Simulation sessions were video recorded and scored by two independent raters. Construct validity was assessed under the assumption that experienced clinicians should perform better than novice clinicians on each task. Reliability was assessed as percentage agreement, kappa statistics and Bland-Altman plots as appropriate. Results: Eleven experts and seven novices completed evaluation. The overall agreement on common checklist item completion was 84.8%. The overall model achieved face validity and was consistent with our construct, with experienced clinicians trending towards better performance compared to novices for accuracy and speed of task completion. Conclusions: A standardized video assessment tool has potential to provide a valid and reliable method to assess 12 performances of clinicians facing simulated medical emergencies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number4
JournalBMC Emergency Medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 15 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine


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