Development and initial testing of Asthma Predictive Index for a retrospective study: An exploratory study

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12 Scopus citations


Objective: Asthma Predictive Index (API) has been used for predicting asthma in prospective or cross-sectional studies, not for a retrospective study. We aim to develop and validate API for a retrospective study. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study based on a convenience sample of children who participated in a previous retrospective cohort study. API was operationalized by two or more wheezing episodes in a year during the first 3 years of life PLUS one of the major or two of the minor criteria of the original API. We assessed validity of retrospective API against Predetermined Asthma Criteria (PAC) which has been extensively used in clinical studies for asthma. We assessed criterion validity by measuring kappa and agreement rate between API and PAC and construct validity by determining associations of API with known risk factors for asthma. Results: Of the eligible 105 children, 55 (52.4%) were male, 90 (85.7%) Caucasians, and the mean age (±SD) was 5.8 years (±1.5). API criteria was met by 15 (14.3%), compared to 33 (31.4%) by PAC, respectively. The agreement rate and kappa between API and definite asthma of PAC were 89.5% and 0.66 (p<0.01). Atopic conditions, lower parental education, no history of breastfeeding and family history of asthma were significantly associated with risk of asthma by API. Conclusions: Application of API to a retrospective study for ascertaining asthma status is suitable. Our study findings need to be replicated by future studies with a larger sample size.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)183-190
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Asthma
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2015


  • Asthma ascertainment
  • Asthma predictive index
  • Predetermined asthma criteria
  • Retrospective study
  • Wheezing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


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