Development and Feasibility of a Multidisciplinary Approach to AKI Survivorship in Care Transitions: Research Letter

For the ACT Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI) survivors are at heightened risk for poor short- and long-term health outcomes. Even among those who recover after an AKI episode, the risk for chronic kidney disease is 4- to 6-fold higher than in patients without AKI, underscoring the importance of identifying methods to improve AKI survivorship. Objective: The purpose of this report was to describe the development and feasibility of a novel multidisciplinary approach to caring for AKI survivors at care transitions (ACT). Design: Observational process improvement initiative. Setting: Single academic medical center in the United States. Patients: The studied population was adults with stage 3 AKI not discharging on dialysis who were established with a primary care provider (PCP) at our institution. Methods: An electronic health record tool was developed prior to implementation to identify AKI survivors. The ACT program encompassed engaging patients in the hospital, delivering education by nephrology-trained nurses before discharge, completing recommended laboratory testing after discharge, and conducting structured kidney-focused follow-up with a pharmacist and a PCP within 7 to 14 days after discharge. Patients could be referred for nephrology evaluation at the discretion of the PCP. Results: Preliminary data demonstrated that most AKI survivors of interest could be identified, educated, and followed up with this model. This strategy appeared feasible, scalable, and maximized the unique expertise of each member of the multidisciplinary team. Limitations: Small sample size, future assessment of process, clinical, and patient-reported outcomes needed. Conclusions: The multidisciplinary ACT workflow supported by clinical decision support was feasible and addressed gaps in existing care transition models. Team-based care delivery in primary care appears to be a mechanism to extend the capacity for kidney health monitoring for AKI survivors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCanadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
StatePublished - Mar 2022


  • acute kidney injury
  • care transitions
  • kidney disease
  • multidisciplinary care
  • outcomes
  • primary care
  • quality improvement
  • team-based care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology


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