Development and evaluation of a pharmacogenomics educational program for pharmacists

Christine M. Formea, Wayne T. Nicholson, Kristen B. McCullough, Kevin D. Berg, Melody L. Berg, Julie L. Cunningham, Julianna A. Merten, Narith N. Ou, Joanna L. Stollings

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations


Objectives. To evaluate hospital and outpatient pharmacists' pharmacogenomics knowledge before and 2 months after participating in a targeted, case-based pharmacogenomics continuing education program. Design. As part of a continuing education program accredited by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), pharmacists were provided with a fundamental pharmacogenomics education program. Evaluation. An 11-question, multiple-choice, electronic survey instrument was distributed to 272 eligible pharmacists at a single campus of a large, academic healthcare system. Pharmacists improved their pharmacogenomics test scores by 0.7 questions (pretest average 46%; posttest average 53%, p50.0003). Conclusions. Although pharmacists demonstrated improvement, overall retention of educational goals and objectives was marginal. These results suggest that the complex topic of pharmacogenomics requires a large educational effort in order to increase pharmacists' knowledge and comfort level with this emerging therapeutic opportunity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2013


  • Continuing education
  • Genetic testing
  • Personalized medicine
  • Pharmacogenomics
  • Survey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • General Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics


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