Determination of 10-20 system electrode locations using magnetic resonance image scanning with markers

Terrence D. Lagerlund, Frank W. Sharbrough, Clifford R. Jack, Bradley J. Erickson, Dan C. Strelow, Kathleen M. Cicora, Neil E. Busacker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

84 Scopus citations


We determined locations of 33 scalp electrodes used for electroencephalographic (EEG) recording by placing markers in the positions determined by the 10-20 system and performing magnetic resonance image (MRI) scanning on volunteer subjects. Small Vaseline-filled capsules glued on the scalp with collodion produced easily delineated regions of increased signal on standard MRI head images. Measurements of each capsule's coordinates in 3 dimensions were made from MRI scans. A spherical surface was fitted through the marker positions, giving an average radius and an origin (center of sphere). The coordinate axes were rotated to ensure that electrode Cz was on the z-axis and that the y-axis was oriented in the posterior-anterior direction. Two spherical (angular) coordinates were determined for each electrode. Spherical electrode coordinates for different subjects differed by less than 20° in all cases. An average and standard deviation of the spherical coordinates were calculated for each electrode. Standard deviations of several degrees were obtained. The average spherical coordinates obtained were close to those expected on the basis of applying the 10-20 system of placement to an ideal sphere. These measurements provide data necessary for various analyses of EEG performed to help localize epileptic foci.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7-14
Number of pages8
JournalElectroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1993


  • 10-20 System
  • Electrode coordinates
  • MRI scanning
  • Spherical coordinate system
  • Topographic maps

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience
  • Clinical Neurology


Dive into the research topics of 'Determination of 10-20 system electrode locations using magnetic resonance image scanning with markers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this