Design and α-testing of an electronic rounding tool (CERTAINp) to improve process of care in pediatric intensive care unit

Manasi Hulyalkar, Stephen J. Gleich, Rahul Kashyap, Amelia Barwise, Harsheen Kaur, Yue Dong, Lei Fan, Srinivas Murthy, Grace M. Arteaga, Sandeep Tripathi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Increasing process complexity in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) can lead to information overload resulting in missing pertinent information and potential errors during morning rounds. An efficient model using a novel electronic rounding tool was designed as part of a broader critical care decision support system-checklist for early recognition and treatment of acute illness and injury in pediatrics (CERTAINp). We aimed to evaluate its impact on improving the process of care during rounding. Prospective pre- and post-interventional data included: team performance baseline assessment, patient safety discussion, guideline adherence, rounding time, and a survey of Residents’ and Nurses’ perception using a Likert scale. Attending physicians were blinded to the components of the assessment. A total of 113 pre-intervention and 114 post-intervention roundings were recorded by direct observation. Pre-intervention (108) and post-intervention staff surveys (80) were obtained. Adherence to standard of care guidelines improved to >97 % in all data points, with maximum increase seen in discussions of ulcer prophylaxis, bowel protocol, DVT prophylaxis, skin care, glucose control and head of bed elevation (2–28 % pre-vs. 100 % for all post-intervention, p < 0.01). Significant improvement was noticed in spontaneous breathing trials, sedation breaks and need for devices (45–57 % pre- vs. 100 % for all post-intervention, p < 0.01). Rounding time (mean ± SD) increased by 2 min/patient (8.0 ± 5.8 min pre-intervention vs. 9.9 ± 5.7 min post-intervention, p = 0.002). Staff reported improved perception of all aspects of rounding. Utilization of the CERTAINp rounding tool led to perfect compliance to the discussion of best practice guidelines; had minimal impact on rounding time and improved PICU staff satisfaction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1313-1320
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017


  • Electronic checklist
  • ICU rounds
  • Intensive care unit (ICU)
  • Pediatrics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine


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