Demonstration of β amyloid protein-containing neurofibrillary tangles in parkinsonism-dementia complex on Guam

H. Ito, A. Hirano, S. H. Yen, S. Kato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


This report concerns the immunohistochemical demonstration of β amyloid protein-containing neurofibrillary tangles (β-NFTs) from patients with parkinsonism-dementia complex on Guam (PDC). Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue sections from the temporal lobe of nine PDC cases and the spinal cord of three were examined. An affinity-purified antibody to the N-terminal peptide sequence of β amyloid protein was used. β-NFTs were demonstrated in the temporal lobes of the three oldest individuals. Some senile plaques, probably a manifestation of ageing, were also seen. The β-NFTs were most frequent in the entorhinal cortex. Senile plaques were invariably present in the vicinity of the β-NFTs. Conversely, in the regions without senile plaques, even though numerous neurofibrillary tangles were identifiable with the modified Bielschowsky method, no β-NFTs were seen. The density of β-NFTs appeared to be proportional to that of senile plaques, none was seen in cases lacking senile plaques. No β-NFTs were detected in the spinal cords. Our data suggest that β-NFTs result from secondary amyloid deposition on certain neurofibrillary tangles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)365-373
Number of pages9
JournalNeuropathology and Applied Neurobiology
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1991


  • Amyloid
  • Entorhinal cortex
  • Hippocampus
  • Neurofibrillary tangles
  • Parkinsonism-dementia complex on Guam
  • Senile plaques
  • Spinal cord
  • β protein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Histology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)


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