Cytosolic NADH redox and thiol oxidation regulate pulmonary arterial force through ERK MAP kinase

Richard A. Oeckler, Elizabeth Arcuino, Mansoor Ahmad, Susan C. Olson, Michael S. Wolin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


An ERK MAP kinase-mediated contractile mechanism previously reported to be activated by peroxide and stretch in bovine coronary arteries is shown in this study to be present in endothelium-denuded bovine pulmonary arteries and subject to regulation by modulation of cytosolic NAD(H) redox through the lactate dehydrogenase reaction. Although our previous work identified an acute Po 2-dependent peroxide-mediated relaxation of bovine pulmonary arteries on exposure to lactate, a 30-min treatment with 10 mM lactate enhanced ERK phosphorylation and increased force generation to 30 mM KCl. Hypoxia inhibited these responses to lactate. Increases in ERK phosphorylation and the enhancement of force generation by lactate and stretch are attenuated in the presence of inhibitors of Nox oxidase (0.1 mM apocynin) or ERK activation (10 μM PD-98059) and by 0.1 mM ebselen. Additionally, incubation of pulmonary arteries with 10 mM pyruvate lowered basal levels of ERK phosphorylation, and it inhibited both the ERK phosphorylation and the enhancement in force generation to 30 mM KCl caused by stretch. Treatment of pulmonary arteries with the thiol oxidant diamide (1 μM) elicited what appears to be a peroxide-independent increase in force and ERK phosphorylation that were both attenuated by PD-98059. Thus pulmonary arteries possess a peroxide-elicited contractile mechanism involving ERK MAP kinase, which is stimulated by stretch and regulated through the control of Nox oxidase activity by the availability of cytosolic NADH.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L1017-L1025
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Issue number6 32-6
StatePublished - Jun 2005


  • Diamide
  • Lactate
  • Nox
  • Peroxide
  • Stretch

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cell Biology


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