Ageing is associated with various changes in immune parameters, alterations in lymphocyte subsets and cytokine dysregulation (Cossarizza et al. 1997). Cytokines are central to the regulation of the immune-inflammatory response in old age and so perhaps play a pivitol role in ageing and survival. But whether these alterations in cytokine expression and production are the secret of long life or are an indication of underlying disease, even in the apparently healthy, is uncertain. While studies of cytokine gene polymorphisms suggest that certain cytokine genotypes are associated with long life (Rea et al. 2006), cytokine levels have also been associated with various age-related diseases (Forsey et al. 2003). Studies of these parameters in very elderly subjects, i.e., those who have aged successfully, are perhaps the most useful in determining the key to longevity.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Handbook on Immunosenescence|
|Subtitle of host publication||Basic Understanding and Clinical Applications|
|Number of pages||11|
|State||Published - 2009|
ASJC Scopus subject areas