Current concepts in meniscus pathology and repair

R. Kyle Martin, Devin Leland, Aaron J. Krych

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


In the intact state, the medial and lateral menisci are important shock absorbers of the knee and contribute to knee stability. Meniscal pathology can lead to pain, mechanical symptoms, and progression of degenerative changes. Meniscal repair provides improved clinical outcomes and limits arthritis progression versus partial meniscus resection. Tears that would previously have been treated with subtotal or total meniscectomy are now being considered for surgical repair as techniques have advanced and new biologic augmentation methods continue to evolve. A thorough understanding of the importance of meniscal preservation and the current surgical techniques is essential for practitioners treating these pathologies. This chapter will describe the diagnosis, surgical indications, techniques, and outcomes of typical meniscus tears, meniscal root injuries, ramp lesions, and discoid menisci. Biologic augmentation and post-operative rehabilitation will also be discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationLower Extremity Joint Preservation
Subtitle of host publicationTechniques for Treating the Hip, Knee, and Ankle
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9783030573829
ISBN (Print)9783030573812
StatePublished - Dec 19 2020


  • All-inside
  • Discoid meniscus
  • Inside-out
  • Meniscus
  • Meniscus repair
  • Outside-in
  • Ramp lesion
  • Root tear

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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