Congenital anomalies of the inferior vena cava: Embryogenesis and MR features

Gerald W. Friedland, Pieter A. deVries, Matilde Nino-Murcia, Bernard F. King, Richard A. Leder, Susan Stevens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


This article describes the MR appearances of the six most common congenital anomalies of the inferior vena cava. As a basis for understanding those anomalies, it describes the embryology of the inferior vena cava, based on an actual study of embryos and fetuses. The article takes a fresh look at the original research in this area, discusses the possible embryogenesis of the relevant anomalies, and describes different opinions on that subject, where different opinions exist.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)237-248
Number of pages12
JournalUrologic radiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1991


  • Inferior vena cava, MR
  • Inferior vena cava, congenital anomalies
  • Inferior vena cava, embryology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Urology


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