Background:Optic neuritis (ON) is the most common optic neuropathy in young adults. MRI is reported to have a high sensitivity for ON. Higher signal strengths of MRI may enhance resolution and lead to better detection of ON. We sought to compare the sensitivity of 3.0 Tesla (T) MRI to that of 1.5 T MRI in detecting acute demyelinating ON.Methods:A retrospective chart review was performed on patients with a clinical diagnosis of optic neuritis at Mayo Clinic Health System from January 2010 to April 2020. Among 1,850 patients identified, 126 patients met the eligibility criteria. Exclusion criteria comprised questionable or alternative diagnosis, diagnosis of ON before the study period, eye examinations performed elsewhere, or absence of fat-saturated head and orbits MRIs performed locally within 30 days of symptom onset. Gadolinium contrast enhancement, T2 hyperintensity, and the radiologic diagnosis of ON were recorded by a neuro-radiologist who was masked to the clinical history and the magnet strength of the MRI.Results:Fifty-three patients (42.1%) had 3.0 T MRI, and 73 patients (57.9%) had 1.5 T MRI. Overall, 88.9% (112/126) of patients were determined to have a positive MRI for ON. The radiographic sensitivity for ON was higher in the 3.0 T group compared with the 1.5 T group (98.1% vs 82.2%, respectively [P = 0.004]). The frequency of gadolinium enhancement was found to be greater in the 3 T group compared with the 1.5 T group (98.1% vs 76.7%, respectively [P < 0.001]). T2 hyperintensity was also more often seen in the 3.0 T group compared with the 1.5 T group (88.7% vs 68.5%, respectively [P = 0.01]).Conclusions:3.0 T MRI is more sensitive than 1.5 T MRI in detecting ON. This finding suggests that 3.0 T MRI is a preferred imaging modality for the confirmation of ON.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology