The effects on alteplase-induced thrombolysis of the synthetic ATIII-binding pentasaccharide SR90107A/ORG 31540 (synthetic pentasaccharide, SP) and of standard heparin (SH) were compared in a copper coil model of coronary artery thrombosis in 6 groups of 10 dogs. After 1 h of occlusion, all animals received intravenously alteplase and aspirin, and were randomly assigned to a 2 h infusion of either saline, or one of two doses of SH (100 IU/kg bolus plus 50 IU/kg/h infusion, or 200 IU/kg bolus plus 100 IU/kg/h infusion), or one of three doses of SP (100 nmol/kg bolus plus 50 nmol/kg/h infusion, 200 nmol/kg bolus plus 100 nmol/kg/h infusion, or 400 nmol/kg bolus plus 200 nmol/kg/h infusion). Coronary angiography was performed every 10 min for 4 h. Appropriate doses of SP and SH enhanced alteplase-induced thrombolysis to a similar extent. In contrast, SP was devoid of any anti-IIa activity or aPTT prolongation.
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