Common Forms of Childhood Strabismus in an Incidence Cohort

Brian G. Mohney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations


Purpose: To report the prevalent forms of childhood strabismus. Design: Retrospective, population-based cohort study. Methods: The medical records of all Olmsted County, Minnesota, residents younger than 19 years diagnosed with esotropia, exotropia, or hypertropia from January 1, 1985 through December 31, 1994, were reviewed. Results: Six hundred twenty-seven new cases of childhood strabismus were identified during the 10-year study period, including 380 (60.1%) with esotropia, 205 (32.7%) with exotropia, and 42 (6.7%) with hypertropia. The five most common forms of strabismus included accommodative esotropia (27.9%), intermittent exotropia (16.9%), acquired nonaccommodative esotropia (10.2%), esotropia in children with an abnormal central nervous system (7.0%), and convergence insufficiency (6.4%). Conclusions: This study provides population-based data on the most prevalent forms of childhood strabismus. Accommodative esotropia, intermittent exotropia, and acquired nonaccommodative esotropia were the predominant forms of strabismus in this Western population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)465-467
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican journal of ophthalmology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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