Combination of visual and symbolic knowledge: A survey in anatomy

Imon Banerjee, Giuseppe Patané, Michela Spagnuolo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


In medicine, anatomy is considered as the most discussed field and results in a huge amount of knowledge, which is heterogeneous and covers aspects that are mostly independent in nature. Visual and symbolic modalities are mainly adopted for exemplifying knowledge about human anatomy and are crucial for the evolution of computational anatomy. In particular, a tight integration of visual and symbolic modalities is beneficial to support knowledge-driven methods for biomedical investigation. In this paper, we review previous work on the presentation and sharing of anatomical knowledge, and the development of advanced methods for computational anatomy, also focusing on the key research challenges for harmonizing symbolic knowledge and spatial 3D data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)148-157
Number of pages10
JournalComputers in Biology and Medicine
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017


  • Computational anatomy
  • Computer aided diagnosis systems
  • Information systems
  • IT applications in health care
  • Knowledge in medicine
  • Medical informatics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Health Informatics


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