Purpose: Although rare overall, marginal zone B-cell lymphoma (MZBCL) is the most common primary low-grade CNS lymphoma reported in the literature. The aim of this study is to elucidate the biology and genetic features of this unusual tumor. Patients and Methods: Fifteen CNS MZBCLs were studied clinically, pathologically, and genetically, including fluorescent in situ hybridization analyses with commercially available MALT1 and IgH break-apart and centromere 3, 7, 12, and 18 probes. Results: CNS MZBCLs preferentially affect middle-aged women (female-to-male ratio, 4:1), with 93% presenting as dural-based masses mimicking meningioma. Ten patients with 1 to 7.6 years of follow-up after diagnosis showed no evidence of disease after radiation and/or chemotherapy. Like MZBCLs outside of the CNS, they consisted of CD20+, CD3 - small B lymphocytes with varying degrees of plasmacytic differentiation and predominantly κ light-chain restriction (78%). Lymphoid follicles with follicular colonization were seen in three patients and deposition of amyloid was noted in samples from two patients, one of which was tumefactive. Neither Bcl-6 protein nor Epstein-Barr virus-encoded RNA was expressed. Trisomy 3 was detected in six of 12 patients, with no rearrangements of MALT1 or IgH and no trisomies of 7, 12, or 18 detected. Conclusion: Our data suggest that intracranial MZBCL is an indolent primary CNS lymphoma that typically presents as a meningioma-like dural-based mass. Trisomy 3, but not MALT1 or IgH translocation, is a common genetic abnormality that may contribute to the pathogenesis of this CNS lymphoma.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research