Characteristics of patients with coexisting DNAJB9-associated fibrillary glomerulonephritis and IgA nephropathy

Samar M. Said, Alejandro Best Rocha, Anthony M. Valeri, Mohamad Sandid, Anhisekh Sinha Ray, Mary E. Fidler, Mariam Priya Alexander, Christopher P. Larsen, Samih H. Nasr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background. Coexistence of fibrillary glomerulonephritis (FGN) and immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy (IgAN) in the same kidney biopsy (FGN-IgAN) is rare, and the clinicopathologic characteristics and outcome of this dual glomerulopathy are unknown. Methods. In this study, 20 patients with FGN-IgAN were studied and their characteristics were compared with 40 FGN and 40 IgAN control patients. Results. Concurrent IgAN was present in 1.8% of 847 consecutive FGN cases and was the second most common concurrent glomerulopathy after diabetic nephropathy. FGN-IgAN patients were overwhelmingly White (94%) and contrary to FGN patients were predominantly (60%) males. Compared with IgAN patients, FGN-IgAN patients were older, had higher proteinuria, a higher incidence of renal insufficiency, and a lower incidence of microhematuria and gross hematuria at diagnosis. Six (30%) patients had malignancy, autoimmune disease or hepatitis C infection, but none had a secondary cause of IgAN or clinical features of Henoch-Schonlein purpura. Histologically, all cases exhibited smudgy glomerular staining for immunoglobulin G and DnaJ homolog subfamily B member 9 (DNAJB9) with corresponding fibrillary deposits and granular mesangial staining for IgA with corresponding mesangial granular electron-dense deposits. On follow-up (median 27 months), 10 of 18 (56%) FGN-IgAN patients progressed to end-stage kidney disease (ESKD), including 5 who subsequently died. Serum creatinine at diagnosis was a poor predictor of renal survival. The proportion of patients reaching ESKD or died was higher in FGN-IgAN than in IgAN. The median Kaplan-Meier ESKD-free survival time was 44 months for FGN-IgAN, which was shorter than IgAN (unable to compute, P =0.013) and FGN (107 months, P=0.048). Conclusions. FGN-IgAN is very rare, with clinical presentation and demographics closer to FGN than IgAN. Prognosis is guarded with a median renal survival of 3.6 years. The diagnosis of this dual glomerulopathy requires careful evaluation of immunofluorescence findings, and electron microscopy or DNAJB9 immunohistochemistry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1681-1690
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Kidney Journal
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2021


  • DNAJB9
  • IgA nephropathy
  • electron microscopy
  • fibrillary deposits
  • fibrillary glomerulonephritis
  • glomerulonephritis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology
  • Transplantation


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