Cardiovascular disease is the primary cause of death in most developed nations. Identifying an individual's cardiovascular risk remains a challenge. Traditional coronary-risk stratification is based on cardiovascular risk factors using risk score systems, which may not reliably identify atherosclerosis in asymptomatic individuals. Carotid intima-media thickness measured by ultrasonography is a noninvasive, well-validated tool that has been used as a surrogate for clinical coronary events. Carotid intima-media thickness has demonstrable utility as an independent predictor of future cardiovascular events. Recent data have improved our understanding of its applications as a screening tool for cardiovascular disease.
- cardiovascular risk
- carotid intima-media thickness
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine