Cardiology services after stress testingAre there sex differences? A population-based study

Susannah C. Daly, Veronique L. Roger, Cynthia Leibson, Todd D. Miller, Patricia A. Pellikka, Kent Bailey, Steven J. Jacobsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


To test the hypothesis that, in a population-based cohort of persons undergoing stress tests, female sex was negatively associated with the use of cardiology visits in persons with no documented coronary artery disease (CAD) but that this association did not exist when CAD was established. Sex differences in the use of invasive cardiac procedures have been clearly documented, but data on physician encounters, an integral part of care, are lacking. A population-based cohort consisting of all Olmsted County, Minnesota residents who underwent an initial stress test in 1987, 1988, and 1989 in Olmsted County was examined. Medical records were reviewed for baseline characteristics including CAD diagnosis status, test results, and cardiology visits in the year following the stress test. Regression models were constructed to determine whether sex is independently associated with the probability of a visit. In the year after stress testing, there was no difference between the sexes in the use of inpatient (OR for female sex 0.88, 95% CI 0.62-0.97, P = 0.365) and outpatient/consultative (OR for female sex 1.24, 95% CI 0.95-1.61, P = 0.6) cardiology visits. Women were, however, less likely to receive preventive cardiology visits (OR for female sex 0.77, 95% CI 0.62-0.97, P = 0.02). This was largely related to less use of preventive visits among older women with documented coronary artery disease (CAD). In the absence of documented CAD, when the stress test was positive, women were less likely to receive preventive visits. In this geographically defined population within one year after an initial stress test, there was no sex difference in the use of in-patient or out-patient visits but women were less likely to receive preventive cardiology visits in the year after stress testing. Further studies are needed to understand the reasons for and impact of these care patterns. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)661-668
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Epidemiology
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2000


  • Exercise test
  • Health care delivery
  • Population studies
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology


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