Cardiac Surgery After Extraanatomic Esophageal Reconstruction: A Single Institution's Experience

Matthew L. Inra, Richard C. Daly, Francis C. Nichols, Alberto Pochettino, Hartzell V. Schaff, Juan A. Crestanello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Extraanatomic retrosternal and presternal esophageal reconstruction performed after esophagectomy poses a significant technical challenge to those patients who require cardiac surgery. This study reviewed a single-center experience with cardiac surgical procedures in patients with extraanatomic esophageal conduits, to examine the relative advantages of median sternotomy and thoracotomy approaches. Methods: This case series identified patients who underwent cardiac surgery after extraanatomic esophageal reconstruction between January 1, 1999 and October 1, 2019 at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota. Electronic medical records were reviewed for patient demographics, surgical indications, characteristics, and outcomes. Continuous variables were reported as the mean or as the median and range, as appropriate. Results: Seven individual patients had 8 cardiac surgical procedures after extraanatomic esophageal reconstruction (5 retrosternal, 2 presternal). All were male, with a median age of 65.5 years (range, 51 to 71 years). Preoperative computed tomography was obtained in all but 1 patient. Median sternotomy was performed in 4 patients, left thoracotomy in 2, right thoracotomy in 1, and right anterior thoracotomy in 1. Median bypass time was 91 minutes (interquartile range, 113.5 minutes). The median cross-clamp time was 57.5 minutes (interquartile range, 27.0 minutes). There was 1 delayed injury to a retrosternal conduit after median sternotomy approach. There were no injuries to the blood supply of any conduit. In-hospital mortality was 0%. The median length of stay was 7.5 days (range, 5 to 34 days). Conclusions: Different cardiac surgical procedures can be performed safely in patients with extraanatomic esophageal reconstructions through median sternotomy or thoracotomy. Preoperative planning with computed tomography with intravenous contrast enhancement of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis is essential for individualization of the surgical approach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2013-2019
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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