Cardiac Rehabilitation for Patients With Heart Failure: JACC Expert Panel

ACC's Heart Failure and Transplant Section and Leadership Council

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Cardiac rehabilitation is defined as a multidisciplinary program that includes exercise training, cardiac risk factor modification, psychosocial assessment, and outcomes assessment. Exercise training and other components of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) are safe and beneficial and result in significant improvements in quality of life, functional capacity, exercise performance, and heart failure (HF)–related hospitalizations in patients with HF. Despite outcome benefits, cost-effectiveness, and strong practice guideline recommendations, CR remains underused. Clinicians, health care leaders, and payers should prioritize incorporating CR as part of the standard of care for patients with HF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1454-1469
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Issue number11
StatePublished - Mar 23 2021


  • activity
  • cardiac rehabilitation
  • exercise
  • exercise training
  • functional status
  • heart failure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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