Cardiac micro-RNA and transcriptomic profile of a novel swine model of chronic kidney disease and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction

Alejandro R. Chade, Alfonso Eirin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an independent risk factor for the development of heart failure, but the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. Using a novel translational swine model of CKD and cardiac dysfunction, we hypothesize that CKD alters the cardiac miRNA and transcriptomic profile that associate with cardiac remodeling and metabolic processes implicated in the development of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (CKD-LVDD). CKD-LVDD and normal control pigs (n = 6 each) were studied for 14 wk. Renal and cardiac hemodynamics were quantified by multidetector CT and echocardiography. In randomly selected pigs (n = 3/group), cardiac miRNA- and mRNA-sequencing (seq) was performed, validated (qPCR), and followed by confirmatory ex vivo studies. Differential expression analysis identified nine miRNAs and 125 mRNAs upregulated and 17 miRNAs and 172 mRNAs downregulated [fold-change ≥ 2, and false discovery rate (FDR) ≤ 0.05] in CKD-LVDD versus normal controls. Integrated miRNA-/mRNA-seq analysis identified 71 overlappings downregulated mRNA targets of miRNAs upregulated, and 39 overlappings upregulated mRNA targets of miRNAs downregulated in CKD-LVDD versus controls. Functional analysis showed that these genes were primarily implicated in processes associated with cardiac remodeling, including ubiquitination, ATP and fatty acid synthesis, and extracellular matrix remodeling. In agreement, hearts of CKD-LVDD pigs exhibited abnormal diastolic relaxation, mitochondrial injury, moderate LV fibrosis, and myocardial lipid accumulation. Our work comprehensively characterizes the cardiac micro-RNA and transcriptomic profile of a translational model of CKD-LVDD. Our data may set the foundation for new targeted studies to further elucidate LVDD pathophysiology and assist to develop therapeutic interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H659-H669
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2022


  • chronic renal disease
  • heart failure
  • micro-RNAs
  • pathophysiology
  • transcriptomic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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