Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Parallel Imaging at 3.0 Tesla: Technical Feasibility and Advantages

Kiaran P. McGee, Josef P. Debbins, Ed B. Boskamp, Le Roy Blawat, Lisa Angelos, Kevin F. King

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Purpose: To quantify changes in signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR), specific absorption rate (SAR), RF power deposition, and imaging time in cardiac magnetic resonance imaging with and without the application of parallel imaging at 1.5 T and 3.0 T. Materials and Methods: Phantom and volunteer data were acquired at 1.5 T and 3.0 T with and without parallel imaging. Results: Doubling field strength increased phantom SNR by a factor of 1.83. In volunteer data, SNR and CNR values increased by factors of 1.86 and 1.35, respectively. Parallel imaging (reduction factor = 2) decreased phantom SNR by a factor of 1.84 and 2.07 when compared to the full acquisition at 1.5 T and 3.0 T, respectively. In volunteers, SNR and CNR decreased by factors of 2.65 and 2.05 at 1.5 T and 1.99 and 1.75 at 3.0 T, respectively. Doubling the field strength produces a nine-fold increase in SAR (0.0751 to 0.674 W/kg). Parallel imaging reduced the total RF power deposition by a factor of two at both field strengths. Conclusions: Parallel imaging decreases total scan time at the expense of SNR and CNR. These losses are compensated at higher field strengths. Parallel imaging is effective at reducing total power deposition by reducing total scan time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)291-297
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2004


  • Heart
  • High field imaging
  • Magnetic resonance
  • Parallel imaging
  • RF power

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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