Breast imaging of infectious disease

Tariq Rashid, Tiffany M. Sae-Kho, Kara L. Heuvelhorst, Katrina N. Glazebrook

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Infectious diseases of the breast can demonstrate a wide variety of clinical presentations and imaging appearances. Breast abscesses are often a complication of infectious mastitis of the breast. Puerperal mastitis is the most common cause of breast abscess, typically affecting postpartum females. Often diagnosed clinically, it is usually treated with antibiotics without need for imaging. Non-puerperal mastitis is relatively uncommon and typically subareolar in loca-tion. Patients can present with asymmetric breast thickening, a palpable lump, nipple discharge, or axillary adenopathy. These presentations can mimic malignancy. Herein, this pictorial review demonstrates imaging findings of common and uncommon infectious processes of the breast and clinically important mimickers of breast infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number20220649
JournalBritish Journal of Radiology
Issue number1143
StatePublished - Feb 1 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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